Differential Geometry and PDE Seminar

**2014. 07. 02.**14:00-15:00 Room 1424**Yunhee Euh**(NIMS)

Riemannian curvature functionals on 4-manifoldsYunhee Euh (NIMS)

Riemannian curvature functionals on 4-manifolds

**ABSTRACT.**In this talk, we study the critical points of several Riemannian functionals in dimension 4. We introduce the curvature identity deduced from Chern-Gauss-Bonnet theorem for a 4-dimensional closed manifold. As its application, we discuss the critical metrics of the squared L^{2}-norm functionals of the curvature tensor, the Ricci tensor and the scalar curvature respectively and describe the relations among their critical metrics.**2014. 06. 13.**16:00-17:00 Room 1424**Kyungha Hwang**(UNIST)

Well-posedness and ill-posedness for the cubic fractional schrodinger equationsKyungha Hwang (UNIST)

Well-posedness and ill-posedness for the cubic fractional schrodinger equations

**ABSTRACT.**In this talk, we discuss the low regularity well-posedness of the 1-dimensional cubic nonlinear fractional Schrodinger equations with Levy indices 1 < α < 2. We consider both non-periodic and periodic cases, and prove that the Cauchy problems are locally well-posed in H^{s}for s ≥ (2-α)⁄4. This is shown via a trilinear estimate in Bourgain's X^{s,b}space. We also show that non-periodic equations are ill-posed in H^{s}for (2-3α)⁄4(α+1) < s < (2-α)⁄4 in the sense that the flow map is not locally uniformly continuous. This is joint work with Prof. Yonggeun Cho, Prof. Soonsik Kwon and Prof. Sanghyuk Lee.**2014. 06. 13.**11:00-12:00 Room 7323**Hyung Jun Choi**(POSTECH)

Corner singularity for the stationary Navier-Stokes equations with no-slip boundary condition on polygonsHyung Jun Choi (POSTECH)

Corner singularity for the stationary Navier-Stokes equations with no-slip boundary condition on polygons

**ABSTRACT.**Corners of the (non-convex) polygon raise the singularity. Especially it makes some numerical schemes slow or wrong in applied mathematics, and concentrates stresses, grow cracks, etc. in mechanical or electrical engineering. I will talk about the corner singularities of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with no-slip boundary condition and derive their corner singularity expansion. To show the importance of dealing with the corner singularities, I will briefly show some numerical examples.**2014. 06. 05.**14:00-15:00 Room 1424**Jinmyoung Seok**(Kyonggi Univ.)

Results on stationary states for Chern-Simons-Schrödinger equationsJinmyoung Seok (Kyonggi Univ.)

Results on stationary states for Chern-Simons-Schrödinger equations

**ABSTRACT.**The Chern-Simons theory was proposed in the 1980's to explain electromagnetic phenomena of anyon physics such as the high temperature super-conductivity or the fractional quantum Hall effect. In this talk, I will introduce the nonlinear Schrödinger equation coupled with the Chern-Simons gauge fields, proposed by Jackiw and Pi in 1990 and present recent results about the existence and nonexistence of the stationary states. We will see that there is no nontrivial stationary state if the Chern-Simons coupling constant λ is less than 1 and there is a stationary state with a vortex point of arbitrary order N if λ > 1. If λ = 1, it turns out that every stationary state is gauge equivalent to a solution of the first order self-dual system.**2014. 05. 30.**16:30-17:30 Room 403, CMC**Younghun Hong**(Univ. of Texas, Austin)

Unconditional uniqueness of the cubic Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy with low regularityYounghun Hong (Univ. of Texas, Austin)

Unconditional uniqueness of the cubic Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy with low regularity.

**ABSTRACT.**First, we briefly review the derivation of nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLS) from N-body linear Schrodinger equation via the cubic Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) hierarchy, which is an infinite system of coupled linear equations. Such a derivation was established by the seminal works of Erdos-Schlein-Yau. In the derivation, the most involved part is the proof of unconditional uniqueness of solutions to GP hierarchy. Recently, Chen-Hainzl-Pavlovic-Seiringer gave a simpler alternative proof of uniqueness via the quantum de Finetti theorem. Adapting this new approach, we established the unconditional uniqueness of solutions to the GP hierarchy in a low regularity Sobolev type space. Precisely, we reduce the regularity requirement down to the currently known regularity requirement for unconditional uniqueness of solutions to NLS. This is a joint work with Kenneth Taliaferro and Zhihui Xie at UT Austin.**2014. 05. 30.**15:00-16:00 Room 403, CMC**Hyenkyun Woo**(KIAS)

L^{∞}-norm and its applications in image processingHyenkyun Woo ((KIAS)

L^{∞}-norm and its applications in image processing

**ABSTRACT.**In this talk, I will show the usefulness of L^{∞}-norm in image processing. 1. Speckle (multiplicative noise) naturally appear in variouscoherent imaging systems, such as synthetic aperture radarand ultrasound. Due to the strong interference phenomena incoherent imaging systems, it is hard to identify the valuableobjects from the captured noisy data. In this talk, weintroduce framework for total variation based specklereduction problems. The framework is based on m-th roottransformation and linearized proximal alternatingminimization algorithm. 2. In this talk, we introduce L^{∞}-norm based new low rank promoting regularization framework, that is asymmetric soft regularization framework for robust nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF). The main advantage of the proposed low rank enforcing ASR framework is that it is less sensitive to the rank selecting regularization parameters since we use soft regularization framework, instead of using the conventional hard constraints such as nuclear norm, gamma2-norm, or rank itself in matrix factorization. Note that, this talk is based on the talk at SIAM Conf. on Imaging Sci. and SIAM Conf. on Optimization.**2014. 05. 23.**16:00-17:00 Room 403, CMC**Inbo Sim**(Univ. of Ulsan)

On p(x)-Laplace problemsInbo Sim (Univ. of Ulsan)

On p(x)-Laplace problems

**ABSTRACT.**In this talk, I will introduce p(x)-Laplace problems which are subject to Dirichelt boundary condition and its suitable function space $W^{1,p(x)}(\Omega)$ and compare it with p-Laplace problems in the following subjects; (1) positivity of the first eigenvalue, (2) uniqueness of positive solutions, (3) concave-convex type nonlinearity problems.**2014. 05. 21.**14:30-15:30 Room 1424**Neal Bez**(Saitama Univ.)

Optimal versions of the trace theorem on the sphereNeal Bez (Saitama Univ.)

Optimal versions of the trace theorem on the sphere

**ABSTRACT.**The classical trace theorem for the sphere says that if $f$ is a function on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with at least half a derivative in $L^2(\ mathbb{R}^d)$ then $f$ has a well-defined restriction to the sphere in $ L^2(\mathbb{S}^{d-1})$. In this talk, I will show how to prove optimal versions of this result by obtaining a characterisation of the extremal functions $f$. I will also discuss various optimal extensions and generalisations, including an extension to $L^p(\mathbb{S}^{d-1})$, and generalisations to Sobolev spaces which incorporate angular regularity on the sphere.**2014. 05. 09.**16:00-17:00 Room 403, CMC**Seick Kim**(Yonsei Univ.)

On a linearized Monge-Ampere type equation on certain Riemannian manifoldsSeick Kim (Yonsei Univ.)

On a linearized Monge-Ampere type equation on certain Riemannian manifolds

**ABSTRACT.**We study a version of linearized Monge-Ampere type equation naturally arising from optimal transport problems with the Riemannian distance squared cost function. The source and target measures of the transportation are assumed only to be bounded above and below. This assumption requires the linearized equation to be defined only weakly, and to be degenerate elliptic. We assume nonnegative cross-curvature and log-concavity of the Jacobian determinant of the exponential map. We obtain a Harnack type inequality and Holder estimates for the solution. This extends the result of Caffarelli and Gutierrez given for the linearized equation of the classical Monge-Ampere equation on the Euclidean space, to the round sphere and the products of round spheres and the Euclidean spaces. *This is joint work with Young-Heon Kim.**2014. 05. 02.**16:00-17:00 Room 403, CMC**Seok Bae Yun**(Sungkyunkwan Univ.)

Spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation for relativistic particlesSeok Bae Yun (Sungkyunkwan University)

Spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation for relativistic particles

**ABSTRACT.**In this talk, we are concerned with the spatially homogeneous theory of the relativistic Boltzmann equation, which is a fundamental equation describing the time evolution of the phase space distribution of relativistic particles. More precisely, we concentrate on the problem of the propagation of uniform $L^{\infty}$ bound. The key idea is to reformulate the gain term of the collision operator to separate the dependence of the post-collisional velocity variables on the spherical part and the velocity part. This is a joint work with Robert Strain.**2014. 02. 17.**11:00-12:00 Room 1424**Yunhee Euh**(NIMS)

Critical metrics for quadratic Riemannian functionals on 4-dimensional manifoldsYunhee Euh (NIMS)

Critical metrics for quadratic Riemannian functionals on 4-dimensional manifolds

**ABSTRACT.**Let $M$ be a 4-dimensional oriented smooth manifold and $\mathfrak{M}(M)$ be the space of all Riemannian metrics on $M$. We denote by $\mathcal{A}$, $\mathcal{B}$ and $\mathcal{C}$ the squared $L^2$-norm functionals of the curvature tensor, the Ricci tensor and the scalar curvature, respectively. Then the Euler characteristic $\chi(M)$ of a 4-dimensional compact, oriented Riemannian manifold $M=(M, g)$ is given by the following generalized Gauss-Bonnet formula: $$\chi(M) = \frac{1}{32\pi^2}\big(\mathcal{A}(g)-4\mathcal{B}(g)+\mathcal{C}(g)\big)$$ for any $g\in \mathfrak{M}(M)$.**2014. 02. 17.**10:00-11:00 Room 1424**Chun-Siung Hsia**(National Taiwan University)

On semilinear elliptic equations involving Sobolev and Sobolev-Hardy critical nonlinearities with singularities on the boundaryChun-Siung Hsia (National Taiwan University)

On semilinear elliptic equations involving Sobolev and Sobolev-Hardy critical nonlinearities with singularities on the boundary

**ABSTRACT.**We consider a series of elliptic partial differential equations arising from the study of the extremal functions for Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg (CKN)'s inequalities. By assuming the curvature of the singularity on the boundary be negative/positive, Ghoussoub and Kang showed the existence of positive solutions for the Dirichlet/Neuman problem, respectively. Recently, in collaboration with Lin and Wadade, we improved the existence theorems for the Dirichlet problems.

TOPICSDifferential Geometry - Geometric Analysis - PDEORGANIZERSYoung-Jun CHOI-Korea Institute for Advanced StudySoyeun JUNG-CMC, Korea Institute for Advanced StudyHyunsuk KANG-Korea Institute for Advanced StudyYoungwoo KOH-Korea Institute for Advanced StudyKeomkyo SEO-Sookmyung Women's Univ.Jinmyoung SEOK-Kyonggi UniversityHow to visit KIASDirections to KIASEnglish-Korean

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